To get more educated, we need to live on the surface of Mars. To do so, we will need to find an alternative energy source and make the planet livable.
To achieve this goal, NASA has developed a rocket that can take off and land back at its launch pad – in other words: it is a booster rocket capable of taking off and landing on Mars within 6 months at most. The EVA version would be able to travel faster, but it could not land safely on the red planet. The space agency has also developed research laboratories for scientific experiments on the surface of Mars as well as life-saving medical facilities for astronauts living there.
It has also been decided that colonizing Mars will take place in stages over 50 years; first humans will fly from Earth to Venus one year before landing at Mars, then move to Earth’s moon close by but still allowing travel time between Earth and Mars while they wait for their return trip home – where they’ll.
The mission to Mars is set to happen in the next 50 years. It is a crucial moment when humanity will have to decide if it has enough numbers and resources to support its active space exploration, or if it should pull back from the endeavor and return home.
The question of whether we can be successful on Mars boils down to a numerical one: how many people do you need? Astronauts are immobile for long periods of time and constantly exposed to extreme conditions. They need large amounts of food, fuel, water as well as oxygen. All these require quality food, fuel and water which is expensive. With this in mind, there are two main arguments concerning the impact of population on mass extinction levels: 1) Warm-blooded animals require more calories than cold-blooded ones (which makes them very unappealing), which means that smaller animals will become extinct if humans continue going out on missions into space; 2) Smaller animals with fewer muscle fibers store less calories than larger ones with.
It is clear that we will eventually move to the red planet. It seems that the most likely candidates for human colonization are those from the US, Russia, China and maybe India. But it is just a matter of time before somebody else takes over. This can be achieved by colonizing Mars and building an infrastructure to live there.
At first, we will build structures and cities on the surface of Mars before sending crews there. Once we feel that humans are living on Mars for longer than expected, then we will start building up an infrastructure and sending people there too – like building a city or a resort in space.
It has been estimated that it may take colonists to the Red planet by 2025. However, it is still not clear how the journey will be made. A new technology called “Mars Mapper” can be used to give a first-hand view of the planet from space. The Mars Mapper will take three images every few days and analyse them for features such as soil composition and crystals in rocks, which can identify and provide information about whether there is any water on Mars.